Fun facts about the country that the Polish call Polska!
Poland is known as Polska in Polish.
With 38.5 million people Poland is the ninth most populated country in Europe. Ukraine is 8th with 43 million and then there's a big drop to Romania with 20 million.
In terms of area Poland is the 10th biggest country in Europe. It has more land area than Italy and the United Kingdom, which are in 11th and 12th places respectively.
Poland's capital and largest city is Warsaw. It's second largest city is Krakow, and Gdansk is its major port.
The zloty (which literally means 'golden'), is Poland's currency. The modern zloty is subdivided into 100 groszy.
The Vistula is Poland's longest river and it flows through Warsaw. The most significant mountains are the Tatra Mountains which include Poland's highest peak, Rysy.
Esperanto, the most widely spoken constructed language in the world, was created by Polish-Jewish ophthalmologist L. L. Zamenhof in 1887.
No. 303 Polish Fighter Squadron was one of 16 Second World War Polish squadrons in the RAF. It was the highest scoring Hurricane squadron during the Battle of Britain, and had the highest ratio of enemy aircraft destroyed to their own losses.
The Polish alphabet consists of 32 letters.
Astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus was first to formulate a model of the universe with the Sun rather than the Earth at its center.
Johannes Hevelius published the first maps of the moon.
Famous Polish inventions include the bagel, the Kerosene lamp, the first bullet proof vest and vodka.
Malbork Castle, on its completion in 1406, was the world's largest brick castle.
Famous Polish people include composer Frederic Chopin, Pope John Paul II, Marie Curie, Lech Walesa, Roman Polanski, the Warner Brothers and author Joseph Conrad.
Marie Curie (1867 – 1934) was a scientist who became the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the first person and only woman to win the Nobel Prize twice, and the only person to win it in two different sciences. Her achievements included the theory of radioactivity and the discovery of polonium and radium.
Catherine the Great, Empress of Russia from 1762 until 1796, was born in Szczecin, Poland, in 1729.
Australia highest mountain, Mount Kosciuszko, was named in honour of Polish national hero, General Tadeusz Kosciuszko, by Polish explorer Pawel Strzelecki in 1840.
The most popular dog name in Poland is 'Burek'.
The Polish constitution was the first in Europe and only second in the world to the United States of America's constitution..
Max Factor is a popular line of cosmetics company from Coty, Inc.. It was founded in 1909 as Max Factor & Company by Maksymilian Faktorowicz, a beautician from Poland
Poland is the world's biggest amber exporter.
Ignacy Jan Paderewski was a famous Polish pianist and composer who became prime minister of Poland in 1919. He served 10 months and then left Poland, never to return.