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18th Century Quiz


  1. What killed roughly 400,000 Europeans each year during the 18th century before Edward Jenner administered the first vaccine in 1796?
  2. Which great European conflict was fought between 1701 and 1714?
  3. Why did Britain lose 11 days?
  4. Who was born Princess Sophie of Anhalt-Zerbst on 2 May 1729 in modern-day Poland?
  5. Which song was was set to a traditional tune in 1799, with the text written by Robert Burns in 1788?

  6. Who invented the mercury-in-glass thermometer in Amsterdam in 1714?
  7. What was first published in Edinburgh, as three volumes between 1768 and 1771?
  8. What name was given to the period of the French Revolution involving numerous massacres and public executions?
  9. What did William Herschel discover from the back garden of his house in New King Street, Bath in 1781?
  10. In which European city did a massive earthquake kill up to 100,000 people in 1755?
  11. What name is given to the world's first financial crash of 1720, which ruined thousands of investors?
  12. 'Zadok the Priest' was composed by Handel in 1727 for the coronation of which British king?
  13. Which general established British rule in Bengal with victory at the Battle of Plassey in 1757?
  14. Which Scottish economist published the The Wealth of the Nations in 1776?
  15. Which North American city was founded in 1718 by the French?
  16. What invention by James Hargreaves in 1764 brought on the Industrial Revolution?
  17. Captain James Cook was killed in 14 February 1779 in which present day island?
  18. What ususual name was given to the 1739 war in the Caribbean between Great Britain and Spain?
  19. Which British Royal Navy officer is best known for his 1791–1795 expedition to explore North America's northwestern Pacific Coast regions?
  20. What was discovered by Napoleon's troops in 1799 during the invasion of Egypt?
  21. In 1761, the problem of longitude was resolved by which clockmaker's chronometer?
  22. Joseph Priestley discovered "dephlogisticated air" in 1774, which later became known as what?
  23. Who composed The London symphonies between 1791 and 1795?
  24. Which famous row of 30 terraced houses was designed by John Wood and built in the city of Bath between 1767 and 1774?
  25. Which English astronomer became the second Astronomer Royal in Britain, succeeding John Flamsteed in 1720?
  26. Which Italian painter moved to London in 1747, staying there for nine years?
  27. The Duke of Cumberland became known by what nicknmame for his brutality in putting down the Jacobite Rising at the Battle of Culloden?
  28. Who invented bifocals in 1784 and the lightning rod in 1752?
  29. Ranked as one of the greatest single achievements of scholarship, who compiled A Dictionary of the English Language?
  30. Originally referred to as "A Sweepstake of 25 Guineas", the title was changed to what at a dinner party held in 1778 at the Red Lion Inn in Doncaster?
  31. Which American patriot is best remembered for his midnight horseride in April 1775 to warn of approaching British forces?
  32. Which German philosopher wrote the Critique of Pure Reason in the 1780s?


  1. Smallpox
  2. The War of the Spanish Succession
  3. The British Empire adopted the Gregorian Calendar (from 3 September to 13 September were dates lost in 1752)
  4. Catherine the Great (or Catherine II)
  5. Auld Lang Syne
  6. Fahrenheit (Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit)
  7. Encyclopaedia Britannica
  8. The Reign of Terror
  9. The planet Uranus
  10. Lisbon
  11. The South Sea Bubble
  12. George II
  13. Robert Clive, Clive of India
  14. Adam Smith
  15. New Orleans
  16. Spinning jenny
  17. Hawaii
  18. War of Jenkins' Ear
  19. Captain George Vancouver
  20. Rosetta Stone
  21. John Harrison
  22. Oxygen
  23. Joseph Haydn
  24. The Royal Crescent
  25. Edmond Halley
  26. Canaletto (Giovanni Antonio Canal)
  27. Butcher Cumberland
  28. Benjamin Franklin
  29. Samuel Johnson
  30. St Leger
  31. Paul Revere
  32. Immanuel Kant