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Australia Day Quiz

Celebrated annually on 26 January, Australia Day is the official national day of Australia. It marks the anniversary of the arrival of the First Fleet of British ships at Port Jackson, New South Wales, in 1788.

Questions

  1. What was the historical European name for mainland Australia before the mid 18th century?
  2. In 1770, which ship took James Cook along the east coast of Australia, becoming the first known Europeans to do so?
  3. The Australian Aboriginal flag is a yellow disc superimposed over two horizontal stripes of which colours?
  4. What was the nationality of the architect who designed Sydney Opera House?




  5. In August 1806, who was appointed Governor of New South Wales? (Hint: It's a well known name.)
  6. Anzac Day commemorates the landing of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps on which Turkish peninsula?
  7. What is Australia's national floral emblem?
  8. What was the late Steve Irwin’s famous one word catch phrase?
  9. What is the town of Coober Pedy in South Australia famous for?
  10. Name Australia's largest inland city?
  11. Which town, known as Stuart until 1933, is nearly equidistant between Adelaide and Darwin?
  12. How many countries in the world are bigger than Australia?
  13. What are Tim Tams?
  14. As of 2020, who is the last Australian to win the Wimbledon ladies' singles championship?
  15. One of Melbourne Museum’s most popular attractions is Phar Lap - which means 'lightning' in Thai - what was Phar Lap?
  16. The only place in the world where two World Heritage-listed sites meet is where the Daintree Rainforest meets what other site?
  17. What's the largest city and state capital of Tasmania?
  18. Which two animals are depicted on Australia's Commonwealth Coat of Arms?
  19. How many states does Australia have?
  20. The last convict ship, the Hougoumont, arrived in Australia in which decade?
  21. What sea is situated between Australia and New Zealand?
  22. By what first name was Australian bush poet Andrew Paterson better known?
  23. Melbourne is in which Australian state?
  24. Which city was once known as the Swan River Colony, which was established in 1829?
  25. Which bushranger and outlaw, is remembered for wearing a suit of bulletproof armour during his final shootout with the police in 1880?



Answers:

  1. New Holland
  2. HMS Endeavour
  3. Red (bottom) and black (top)
  4. Danish (Jorn Utzon - the opera house was completed in 1973)
  5. Vice-Admiral William Bligh (seventeen years after the Bounty mutiny)
  6. Gallipoli
  7. The golden wattle
  8. Crikey!
  9. Opals (sometimes referred to as the "opal capital of the world")
  10. Canberra (which is the eighth-largest city overall)
  11. Alice Springs
  12. Five (they are Russia, Canada, China, USA and Brazil)
  13. A brand of chocolate biscuits
  14. Evonne Goolagong (or Evonne Goolagong Cawley)
  15. A champion racehorse
  16. The Great Barrier Reef
  17. Hobart
  18. Emu and the kangaroo



  19. Six (New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, and Western Australia)
  20. 1860s (10 January 1868)
  21. Tasman Sea
  22. Banjo (Banjo Patterson, who wrote "Waltzing Matilda" in 1895, regarded as Australia's unofficial national anthem.)
  23. Victoria
  24. Perth (named after Perth in Scotland)
  25. Ned Kelly