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Central America


  1. Which modern country began when conquistador Pedro de Alvarado named a new province after Jesus Christ?
  2. Not including Mexico, Central America consists of how many countries?
  3. Mexico is bordered by which two Central American countries?
  4. Slightly bigger than England, name the largest country in Central America?

  5. Known as the MesoAmerican, what is it that stretches along Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras and Belize for 585 miles?
  6. Zonians are people associated with which country?
  7. What name is shared by the political center of Silicon Valley in the United States and the capital and largest city of Costa Rica?
  8. Which is the most populated country in Central America with 18 million people?
  9. In 1904, American author O. Henry coined which term to describe Costa Rica and Honduras under economic exploitation by American corporations?
  10. Which South American country geographically connects South America to Central America?
  11. Which Central American nation is the only one with a population of less than a million?
  12. Which area along the eastern coast of Nicaragua and Honduras, named after native people, is also the title of a 1986 American film starring Harrison Ford telling the the story of a family that leave the USA to find a simpler life in the jungles of Central America?
  13. By what name was Belize known before 1973?
  14. What name was given to the American backed rebel groups active from 1979 to the early 1990s in Nicaragua?
  15. About how many ships on average pass through the Panama Canal each day: (a) 40, (b) 200, or (c) 400?
  16. Which Central American country does not border the Pacific and has English as their official language?
  17. What word can be the currency in Costa Rica and also a puntuation mark?
  18. Manuel Antonio Noriega Moreno was a dictator and ruler of which country from 1983 to 1989?
  19. Which ancient civilization centered in the lowlands of what is now Guatemala and reached its peak around the sixth century A.D.?
  20. Can you name the capital of Honduras?


  1. El Salvador
  2. 7 (Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama)
  3. Guatemala and Belize
  4. Nicaragua
  5. A barrier reef
  6. Panama (the Panama Canal Zone was a political entity which was the territory of the United States from 1903 to 1979)
  7. San Jose
  8. Guatemala
  9. Banana Republics
  10. Colombia
  11. Belize
  12. The Mosquito Coast (named after the local Miskito Nation)
  13. British Honduras
  14. Contras
  15. (a) 40
  16. Belize
  17. Colon
  18. Panama
  19. The Mayas, or the Mayan Empire
  20. Tegucigalpa