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Welcome to our Earthquake Quiz - 18 questions all about the Richter Scale and earthquakes!

Quiz I

  1. Which Japanese word meaning 'harbour wave' is a series of waves which are often caused by an underwater earthquake?
  2. Name the well known scale developed in 1935 which uses numbers to tell the power of earthquakes?
  3. A major earthquake devastated which North American city in 1906?
  4. Which South American country experienced the most powerful earthquake ever recorded in May 1960?
  5. What's the name of the well known instrument used to detect and record earthquakes?
  6. Name the continental transform fault that extends roughly 1,200 kilometers through California?

  7. A major earthquake occurred on 22 February 2011, 4 miles south-east of which Southern Hemisphere city?
  8. Starting with the letter 'M' which modified scale measures how people feel and react to the shaking of an earthquake?
  9. What's the better known name for the Pacific Ring where many volcanic eruptions and earthquakes occur?
  10. What name is given to the large plates that move relative to each other on the Earth's outer surface?
  11. In 1755, a major earthquake almost totally destroyed which European capital city?
  12. Which country has the most recorded earthquakes in the world?
  13. Which continent has the least earthquakes of any continent?
  14. What is the scientific study of earthquakes called?
  15. What name is given to the number that characterizes the relative size of an earthquake?
  16. A serious earthquake of 5.2 magnitude struck Market Rasen in which English county in 2008?
  17. Many countries responded to appeals for humanitarian aid when which country suffered a catastrophic earthquake in 2010?
  18. Which state is the most earthquake-prone American state?


  1. Tsunami
  2. Richter Scale
  3. San Francisco
  4. Chile
  5. Seismograph, or seismometer
  6. The San Andreas Fault
  7. Christchurch, New Zealand
  8. Mercalli
  9. The Ring of Fire
  10. Tectonic plates
  11. Lisbon
  12. Japan

  13. Antarctica (but small earthquakes can occur anywhere in the World)
  14. Seismology
  15. Magnitude
  16. Lincolnshire
  17. Haiti
  18. Alaska