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Industrial Revolution Quiz

Questions: history of the industrial revolution

  1. What was the yarn-spinning machine invented by James Hargreaves in the 1760s called?
  2. Which secret organization of English textile workers in the 19th century destroyed textile machinery as a form of protest?
  3. What name was given to the area of the industrialised West Midlands during the Industrial Revolution?
  4. Which laws adversely affected food supplies by imposing tariffs on imported grain?

  5. On 15 September 1830, the first inter-city railway in the world was opened, it linked Manchester with which city? And which Prime Minister attended the openning?
  6. Who invented the safety lamp in 1816 which improved coal mining safety?
  7. In 1833 the Government passed a Factory Act to improve conditions for working children which stated a child must now be over what age to work in a factory?
  8. In 1781, the first major bridge in the world to be made of cast iron opened, crossing which river?
  9. In 1807, Englishmen William and John Cockerill bring the Industrial Revolution to which country, making it the first country in continental Europe to be transformed economically?
  10. What did English inventor Samuel Crompton invent?
  11. The local jute industry caused which Scottish city to grow rapidly?
  12. Which town in England, was the first place outside London to have gas lighting in 1816?
  13. In 1803, cotton becomes Britain’s biggest export, what product did it overtake?
  14. In 1824 British builder Joseph Aspdin patented what type of cement?
  15. What was the 19th-century nickname for Manchester?
  16. By the peak of the revolution, the districts of which Welsh town had four of the greatest ironworks in the world?
  17. Which engineer adopted the term horsepower in the late 18th century to compare the output of steam engines with the power of draft horses?
  18. In the 18th century, the Industrial Revolution brought large-scale steel making to which English city?
  19. What machine for cleaning cotton of its seeds was created by American inventor Eli Whitney in 1793?
  20. New techniques developed by pioneering engineers such as John McAdam led to more and better what?


  1. Spinning Jenny
  2. Luddites
  3. The Black Country
  4. Corn Laws
  5. Liverpool. The PM was the Duke of Wellington.
  6. Sir Humphry Davy (and also, independently by George Stephenson)
  7. Nine
  8. River Severn
  9. Belgium
  10. Spinning Mule
  11. Dundee
  12. Preston
  13. Wool

  14. Portland cement
  15. Cottonopolis
  16. Merthyr or Merthyr Tydfil
  17. James Watt
  18. Sheffield
  19. Cotton gin
  20. Roads