# Famous Mathematicians Trivia

### Questions

- Which ancient Greek philosopher is credited for discovering the theorem that "in a right-angled triangle the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the two other sides"?
- Which German mathematician is sometimes referred to as the "greatest mathematician since antiquity"?
- Which Swiss mathematician solved the problem of the Seven bridges of Konigsberg, in effect creating graph theory?
- Who created the first algorithm meant to be executed on a machine?
- Which 17th century French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist invented analytic geometry, linking the previously separate fields of algebra and geometry?
- Who developed the main ideas of differential and integral calculus independently of Isaac Newton?
- Who is best known for his laws of planetary motion?
- Who is often referred to as the French Newton?
- Which Scottish mathematician published his discovery of logarithms in 1614?
- What did the Reverend William Oughtred develop in the 17th century, which was the most commonly used calculation tool in mathematics before the electronic calculator?
- A sequence, in which each number is the sum of the two preceding ones, is named after the Italian mathematician Leonardo of Pisa - by what name is he better known?
- Which French mathematician lends his name to a triangular arrangement of numbers that gives the coefficients in the expansion of any binomial expression?
- Which mathematical symbol was invented in 1557 by Welsh mathematician Robert Recorde?
- Which German mathematician created set theory and introduced the mathematically meaningful concept of transfinite numbers?
- The common symbol for what, was invented by the English mathematician John Wallis in 1655?

#### Answers:

- Pythagoras
- Carl Friedrich Gauss
- Leonhard Euler
- Ada Lovelace
- Rene Descartes
- Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
- Johannes Kepler
- Pierre-Simon Laplace
- John Napier
- The slide rule
- Fibonacci
- Blaise Pascal
- Equals sign
- Georg Cantor
- Infinity

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