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Medieval Quiz

History Questions

  1. Which king of Mercia, from 757 until his death, was in frequent conflict with the Welsh kingdoms?
  2. Ethelred II, king of the English from 978 to 1016, was an ineffectual ruler given what nickname?
  3. Who was the last Anglo-Saxon king of England?
  4. Which king of Wessex prevented England from falling to the Danes in the 9th century?

  5. Which Italian Dominican friar has been described as "the most influential thinker of the medieval period" and "the greatest of the medieval philosopher-theologians"?
  6. Which Danish prince became king of England in 1016?
  7. On Christmas Day in 800, which ruler was crowned Emperor of the Romans by Pope Leo III?
  8. Which king met with Wat Tyler and his followers on June 14, 1381, during the uprising called the Peasants’ Revolt?
  9. Which Anglo-Saxon theologian and historian, wrote the "Ecclesiastical History of the English People"?
  10. Edward III, king of England from 1327 to 1377, led England into which war with France?
  11. The Magna Carta, a charter of English liberties granted by King John, was published in which year?
  12. Derived from the Dutch for "mumbler", what name in late medieval England was given to a follower of theologian John Wycliffe?
  13. Thomas Becket was the chancellor of England and archbishop of Canterbury during which king's reign?
  14. The Black Death killed as many as 200 million people in which century?
  15. King Richard I of England, nicknamed "the Lion-Heart", spent how long of his 10-year reign actually in England: (a) 6 months, (b) 2 years, or (c) 5 years?
  16. Which German inventor introduced printing to Europe with his movable-type printing press?
  17. A viking raid on which island in 793 is often considered to be the beginning of the Viking Age?
  18. Considered one of the greatest works in literary history, what was completed by Italian poet Dante Alighieri in 1321?
  19. The King of Norway, Harald Hardrada, was killed in which battle of 1066?
  20. A 1469 marriage between Ferdinand II and which future queen would establish Spain as a major power?
  21. In 843, Kenneth McAlpin became king of which group of peoples who lived in Britain?
  22. In 911, the viking leader Rollo and his tribe settled in which modern day geographical and cultural region in Europe?
  23. Which Norse explorer is thought to have been the first European to set foot on continental North America?
  24. What name was given to Britain's earliest public record published in 1086?
  25. Which military organization of devout Christians were founded to protect European pilgrims visiting sites in the Holy Land?
  26. Name the daughter of King Henry I of England who was one of the claimants to the English throne during the civil war known as the Anarchy?
  27. In which battle of 1346 did English forces led by Edward III defeat French forces?
  28. Name the family which rose to prominence in Florence in the 15th century?
  29. Which battle of May 1455 traditionally marks the beginning of the War of the Roses?
  30. Which explorer's voyage of 1497 around the Cape of Good Hope established the first direct sea route from Europe to India?


  1. Offa
  2. Ethelred the Unready
  3. Harold II, or Harold Godwinson
  4. Alfred the Great
  5. Thomas Aquinas
  6. Cnut
  7. Charlemagne
  8. King Richard II
  9. St. Bede the Venerable
  10. The Hundred Years' War
  11. 1215
  12. Lollard
  13. King Henry II
  14. 14th century (1346-53)
  15. (a) 6 months
  16. Johannes Gutenberg
  17. Lindisfarne, also called Holy Island
  18. The Divine Comedy
  19. Stamford Bridge
  20. Isabella I
  21. Picts
  22. Normandy
  23. Leif Erikson
  24. Domesday Book
  25. The Knights Templar
  26. Empress Matilda, also known as the Empress Maude
  27. Battle of Crecy
  28. The Medici
  29. Battle of St. Albans
  30. Vasco da Gama