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Volcano Quiz Questions


  1. The eruption of which volcano in AD 79 destroyed the Roman city of Pompeii?
  2. Mount St. Helens is an active volcano located in which American state?

  3. What was wrong with the title of 1969 disaster film, Krakatoa, East of Java?
  4. On which island is Mount Etna?
  5. Volcanism played a major role in shaping of the surface of the planet Venus. What rock makes up 90% of this surface?
  6. Mauna Loa is one of five volcanoes that form which island?
  7. Which volcano located on Honshu is the highest volcano in Japan?
  8. Mount Teide is a volcano on which island?
  9. Cotopaxi is an active volcano in which South American country?
  10. The eruption of which volcano on August 27, 1883, is thought to be the loudest sound ever heard at 310 decibels? (Note: the atomic bombs dropped on Japan were 248 decibels.)
  11. Which country has the most volcanoes in Europe?
  12. Name the very large shield volcano on the planet Mars which is about two and a half times the height of Mount Everest?
  13. Tamu Massif, an extinct submarine shield volcano which may be the largest known volcano on Earth, is in which ocean?
  14. What name is given to the large hollow that forms shortly after the emptying of a magma chamber in a volcanic eruption?
  15. What term describes a volcano that has historical activity but is now quiet?
  16. Which volcanic rock that can float in water is created when super-heated, highly pressurized rock is violently ejected from a volcano?
  17. Name the extinct volcano which is the main peak of the group of hills that forms most of Holyrood Park in Edinburgh?
  18. Which small island off the north coast of Sicily contains an active volcano which erupted in August 2019?
  19. The eruptions of Eyjafjallajokull in Iceland caused enormous disruption to air travel across northern and western Europe in which year?
  20. What is the name of the supervolcano located in the northwest corner of Wyoming?
  21. The massive 1815 eruption of Mount Tambora in Indonesia caused low temperatures, heavy rains and failed harvests in Britain which earned 1816 the nickname "The Year Without" what?
  22. What is the better known name for the Circum-Pacific belt which is a major area in the Pacific Ocean where many volcanic eruptions occur?
  23. The highest active volcano in the world is on the border of which two countries?
  24. What name is given to the point of a volcano where magma emerges from the Earth's surface and becomes lava?


  1. Mount Vesuvius
  2. Washington
  3. Krakatoa is West of Java
  4. Sicily
  5. Basalt

  6. Hawaii
  7. Mount Fuji
  8. Tenerife (in the Canary Islands. It's also the highest point in Spain.)
  9. Ecuador
  10. Krakatoa
  11. Iceland
  12. Olympus Mons
  13. The Pacific Ocean
  14. Caldera
  15. Dormant
  16. Pumice
  17. Arthur's Seat
  18. Stromboli
  19. 2010
  20. Yellowstone Supervolcano
  21. The Year Without a Summer
  22. Ring of Fire
  23. Chile and Argentina (Ojos del Salado is also the second highest mountain in both the Western Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere (after Anconcagua) and the highest in Chile.)
  24. Vent