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Quiz I

  1. In September 1975, when the magazine New Scientist asked its readers to name the best-known scientist, which British scientist came third after Isaac Newton and Albert Einstein?
  2. At which British university did two scientists win the 2010 Nobel Prize in Physics 'for groundbreaking experiments regarding the two-dimensional material graphene'?
  3. In an optical system, what name is given to the measurement of how strongly the system converges or diverges light?
  4. In science, what name is given for the number of protons found in the nucleus of an atom?
  5. Umami is one of the five basic what?
  6. What name is given to a large molecule composed of many repeated subunits?
  7. Which physical quantity is measured in kilogram metre per seconds?
  8. Which effect is the emission of electrons when light is shone onto a material?
  9. How many laws of thermodynamics are there in science?
  10. Name the well known test that discovers whether a solution is acidic or basic?
  11. Which term was coined in 1873 by scientist James Thomson to describe the point when the temperature and pressure of the gas, liquid, and solid phases of a substance coexist in thermodynamic equilibrium?
  12. Which English scientist's steelmaking process became the most important technique for making steel in the late nineteenth century?



  13. Which effect is the ability of certain materials to generate an electric charge in response to applied mechanical stress?
  14. Which silvery-white metallic element has the symbol Sc and atomic number 21?
  15. Name the device which uses steam to sterilize equipment invented by Charles Chamberland in 1879?
  16. In mechanics, what name is given to the support about which a lever pivots?
  17. Which Austrian monk discovered the basic principles of heredity through garden experiments and is known as the 'father of modern genetics'?
  18. Which German theoretical physicist's discovery of energy quanta won the 1918 Nobel Prize in Physics?
  19. The SI unit of capacitance is named in honour of which scientist?
  20. Which type of barometer, invented in 1844 by Lucien Vidi, is an instrument for measuring pressure without the use of liquid?
  21. At which temperature does water boil on the Fahrenheit scale?
  22. What name is given to a substance with no active therapeutic effect that is given in order to deceive the recipient into thinking that it is an active treatment?

Answers:

  1. Magnus Pike
  2. Manchester University (Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov)
  3. Focal length
  4. Atomic number
  5. Tastes
  6. A polymer
  7. Momentum
  8. Photoelectric effect
  9. Four
  10. Litmus test
  11. Triple point
  12. Sir Henry Bessemer
  13. Piezoelectric Effect
  14. Scandium
  15. Autoclave
  16. Fulcrum
  17. Gregor Mendel
  18. Max Planck
  19. Michael Faraday (the farad)
  20. Aneroid barometer
  21. 212 degrees
  22. Placebo



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